Jeremiah 28:5-9 – This is part of Jeremiah’s contention with the prophet Hananiah. Hananiah took the yoke from Jeremiah’s neck and broke it as a sign of how God would break the yoke of Nebuchaadnezzar’s oppression and bring the captives back from Babylon. Jeremiah then got word from God saying basically, “Well, that may happen one day but don’t hold your breath – unless you can hold it for 70 years!” (29:10)
Hananiah died for his false prophesy, and then Jeremiah sent word to the captives in Babylon, “Thus says the Lord of hosts, the God of Israel, to all the exiles whom I have sent into exile from Jerusalem to Babylon: Build houses and live in them; plant gardens and eat what they produce. Take wives and have sons and daughters; take wives for your sons, and give your daughters in marriage, that they may bear sons and daughters; multiply there, and do not decrease. But seek the welfare of the city where I have sent you into exile, and pray to the Lord on its behalf, for in its welfare you will find your welfare.” (29:4-9)
It reminds me of a sermon I preached long ago based on a similar text from Isaiah. I quoted from Embracing the Exile by John Fortunato,
Fortunato believes that times of exile are threatening to faith because they expose what he calls “The Great Myth” under which many people live out their faith. When the realities of life attack “great myth”, faith is attacked too! Here’s what he says,
“The uneasiness of our human condition presses upon us. The anxiety just sits down there in the pit of our stomachs. We want it to go away, but how?
We try to make it go away by telling ourselves, “We are in control; we are not helpless.” Then we take the anxiety we have denied and project it out into the world where we create a myth for ourselves to shore up our self-deception; and an elaborate myth it is.
We create a world of systems that we can manipulate and control to hide from ourselves the fact that we really control nothing.
We spend our lives nurturing our systems and making them work for us: economic systems, social systems, government systems, family systems, communication systems, defense systems, and medical systems.
The systems give us promotions to grub for, benefits to grab, ladders to climb, power to be gotten, and security to be secured. And then we take out insurance on the whole thing: health insurance, life insurance, and deposit insurance. We have pacts, treaties, service policies, and guarantees. There are backup systems, second teams, and alternate plans. All in an effort to nail down our security and reinforce the myth.
The great myth demands some basic beliefs. First, there is the belief that we are in control. Other beliefs of the myth are: I am the center of the universe. I will be happy and blessed if I live right. Life is rational and reasonable. Evil is always punished. And, with Jesus in my heart all’s right with the world.
The myth demands that we put on blinders. We aren’t allowed to look at reality that life’s a mixed bag over which we have little or no control and that the universe can be a very indifferent place to live. Justice does not always triumph and evil is not always punished. Life is not always fair and nor does it always make sense. God’s will is not always done on earth as it is in heaven.”
With our myth smashed and ourselves exposed, what do we usually do? Some angrily ask, “Why did this have to happen?” To which there is no sure answer, and even if there were it wouldn’t change things. Some people try to insist that they have no fears, pains, or frustrations; while others decide to suffer through their exile; resigned, angry, resentful, and fearful every step of the way. Fortunato, however, suggests an alternative.
“Since avoiding it, fighting it, or suffering through it don’t seem to be very helpful ways of dealing with one’s exile, there seems to be only one way left to go: deeper!
Exile isn’t negotiable so it might as well be embraced. Affirm it with your whole heart and soul! It may not make sense. It may not seem fair or just. But, if embraced, it may become a God given invitation to growth. It may be turned into a blessing in disguise. It might just be an opportunity.”
There is no way out of our exiles; there is only the way through; embracing life as it is, forsaking our myths of power, and simply letting God guide us through the wilderness.
Hananiah was myth spinning; telling people what they wanted to hear. God – and Jeremiah – would have none of it. “Settle in,” he said. “Embrace your exile and see what God will make of you in the midst of it all.” There is profound spiritual truth and Godly hope in that!
Romans 6:12-23 – Paul’s letter – as do many of his letters – deals with the conflicts that are going on in the churches (house churches) in Rome. (Picture is of Santa Marie Church, oldest titular church in the Trastevere section of Rome.) Crossan breaks the letter out this way:
- Chapters 1-8 = unity of Gentiles and Jews
- Chapters 9-11 = unity of Jews and Christians
- Chapters 12-16 = unity of Jewish Christians and Gentile Christians
Paul was not writing his “summa theologica”. He was writing to real people in a real context; people that were really wrestling with what the Gospel meant for how they ought do life together. It may be helpful to get the letter out of a 16th century polemics and read it with the 1st century context in mind.
To help clarify some words:
- Sin (not sins) = The sway of the empire and the normalizing influence of the world to bend and shape life according to power, privilege, and segregation.
- Righteousness (justice) = Is about distribution, not retribution.
- Justification (being made just) = is about real life transformation, not imputation.
- Life in Christ (always life together) = is about participation with Christ, not substitution.
There are at least two places in Romans where Paul’s understanding and intent comes full bloom :
“Do not be conformed [2nd person plural] to this world [age], but be transformed by the renewing of your minds [understanding, your way of thinking about things], so that you may discern what is the will of God-what is good and acceptable and perfect [ τέλειον; what makes for things to reach their intended goal].” (12:2)
“May the God of steadfastness and encouragement grant you to live in harmony with one another, in accordance with Christ Jesus, so that together you may with one voice glorify the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. Welcome one another, therefore, just as Christ has welcomed you, for the glory of God.” (15:5-7)
The second lesson will be from Romans for quite a number of weeks. It may be helpful to get into this letter and – setting Luther’s spiritual and existential crisis aside for the moment – get back into the world of Paul.
Matthew 10:40-42 – The gospel is a continuation from last week’s reading – 10:24-39. Concerning that reading, my friend and colleague, Pr. Jim Giannantonio, lifted up some comments from Warren Carter’s Matthew and the Margins. Carter writes,
“On another level, Jesus’ words are a call to choose a way of life of marginalization, to identify with the nobodies like slaves, and with those some understood to be cursed by God. It is to identify with those who resist the empire’s control, who contest its version of reality, and who are vulnerable to its reprisals. It is to identify with a sign of the empire’s violent and humiliating attempt to dispose of those who threatened or challenged its interests. To so identify is not to endorse the symbol but to reframe its violence. As the end of the gospel indicates, it is to identify with a sign that ironically indicates the empire’s limits. The empire will do its worst in crucifying Jesus. But God raises Jesus from death, thwarting the empire’s efforts. And Jesus will return to establish God’s empire over all, including Rome (24: 27-31 ). To not respond positively to such a call is to not be a disciple (not worthy of me; see 10:37).”
Carter, Warren (2013-11-20). Matthew and the Margins: A Sociopolitical and Religious Reading (Bible and Liberation) (Kindle Locations 7534-7541). Orbis Books. Kindle Edition.
If, following the call of Jesus, we try to overturn or live contrary to the “normalizing influence of the world” (see above) we will run into a sword, not peace. And so, we are back to the justice/righteousness and participation/transformation dynamic that we had in Romans.
Two other thoughts:
First, Jesus said, “Those who find their life will lose it, and those who lose their life for my sake will find it.” Instead of just thinking about that in personal or individual terms, I think it’s helpful for congregations to think about what it might mean for them and the life of the congregation. It seems to me that many congregations are really struggling to save themselves; find themselves. It is a fool’s quest.
I am doing an interim right now and preparing a congregation to call a new pastor. They want to grow and move from being a pastoral model to a program model congregation. That’s good; living things should grow – grow in many ways. But I told them this past Sunday, “If you want to grow in order to save your congregation that will ultimately fail. But if you want to grow and change for the sake of the community around you – for the sake of the Christ and the gospel – that is (to use Paul’s words from Romans) good and acceptable and perfect.”
Second, Jesus also said, “Whoever welcomes you welcomes me, and whoever welcomes me welcomes the one who sent me.” I am giving a quick read to Thom and Joni Schultz’ book Why Nobody Wants to Go to Church Anymore. In it they lift up four excuses people give and how the church can counter them. (I personally believe it’s not quite this simple, but it also has some traction and is well worth the read.) Here’s their chart:
Schultz, Thom; Schultz, Joani (2013-10-01). Why Nobody Wants to Go to Church Anymore: And How 4 Acts of Love Will Make Your Church Irresistible: 1 (Kindle Location 1126). Group Publishing, Inc.. Kindle Edition.
As congregations: Can we practice radical hospitality? Can we have fearless conversation? Can we demonstrate genuine humility? Can we live with divine anticipation; not knowing what God will do with our exile or anyone else’s, but trusting that God will bring life out of death?
Grace and peace,
Pastor Don Carlson