Lectionary – For past exegetical notes, go the year, below, and then click on the date to view commentary.
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Year B (2015, 2018, 2021)
A very rough outline of the lectionary year
January 8-February 12 – Mark 1
(January 18-25 is the Week of Prayer for Christian Unity)
February 19 – Transfiguration (Mark 9:2-9)
February 25 – Ash Wednesday (Joel 2, Isaiah 58, Matthew 6)
February 26-March 25 – Five Sundays in Lent:
Baptism and Temptation of Jesus (Mark 1:9-15)
Peter’s Confession (Mark 8:31-38)
Cleansing of the Temple (John 2:13-22)
Just as Moses lifted up the serpent, so the Son of Man (John 3:14-31)
Greeks: We want to see Jesus (John 12:20-33)
April 1 – Palm Passion Sunday (Mark 14 or 15)
April 5 – Maundy Thursday (John 13:1-17, 31b-35)
April 6 – Good Friday (John 18:1-19:42)
April 7 – Easter Vigil
Easter through Pentecost
April 8 – Easter Sunday (Mark 16:1-8)
April 15-May 20 – Easter Season texts from John and Luke
May 27 – Pentecost (John 15: Advocate will bear witness to the truth)
Time After Pentecost
June 3 – Trinity Sunday (John 3: Nicodemus)
June 7-July 15 – Mark 4-6 (4: Parables. 5-6 More Healings)
July 22-August 19 – John 6 “Bread” texts for five weeks
August 26-October 21 – Mark 7-10 (End of Galilee ministry and Journey to Jerusalem)
October 28 – Reformation Sunday (John 8)
November 4 – All Saints
November 11 and 18 – Mark 12 (widow’s coins) and 13 (the end is coming)
November 25 – Christ the King (John 18: My kingdom is not of this world.)
A Short Outline of Mark’s Gospel
- Introduction (1:1-13)
- Jesus’ Ministry in Galilee (1:16-8:26)
- Journey to Jerusalem (8:27-10:52)
- Jesus in Jerusalem (11:1-13:37)
- Passion and Resurrection (14-16:18)
ADVENT B (Mark)
Sucedió como está escrito en el profeta Isaías:
Yo estoy por enviar a mi mensajero delante de ti,
el cual preparará tu camino.
Voz de uno que grita en el desierto:
“Preparen el camino del Señor,
háganle sendas derechas.”
Advent B Summary
Advent 1B Mark 13:24-37 About that day or hour no one knows.
Advent 2B Mark 1:1-8 The voice: Prepare the way of the lord.
Advent 3B Jn 1:6-8, 19-28 John: The voice in the wilderness
Advent 4B Luke 1:26-38 The Annunciation
Advent 1B – December 3, 2017, November 30, 2014
Isaiah 64:1-9 – O that you would tear open the heavens and come down…
Psalm 80:1-7, 17-19 – Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, you who lead Joseph like a flock! Restore us, O God; let your face shine, that we may be saved.
1 Corinthians 1:3-9 – You are not lacking in any spiritual gift as you wait for the revealing of our Lord Jesus Christ. He will also strengthen you to the end, so that you may be blameless on the day of our Lord Jesus Christ.
Mark 13:24-37 – But about that day… no one knows, neither the angels… nor the Son…
Advent 2B – December 10, 2017, December 7, 2014
Isaiah 40:1-11 – Comfort, comfort ye my people… Every valley… Thou who tellest good tidings to Zion… He shall feed his flock…
Psalm 85:1-2, 8-13 – Surely his salvation is at hand for those who fear him, that his glory may dwell in our land. Steadfast love and faithfulness will meet; righteousness and peace will kiss each other.
2 Peter 3:8-15a – With the Lord one day is like a thousand years, The day of the Lord will come like a thief… The elements will be dissolved like fire… Therefore wait in peace with patience.
Mark 1:1-8 – Isaiah: The voice of one crying in the wilderness: Prepare the way of the Lord! John appeared in the wilderness. Many were baptized by him, confessing their sins.
Advent 3B – December 17, 2017, December 14, 2014
Isaiah 61:1-4, 8-11 – The spirit of the Lord God is upon me… he has sent me to bring good news to the oppressed, to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and release to the prisoners; to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all who mourn… to give them a garland instead of ashes, the oil of gladness instead of mourning, the mantle of praise instead of a faint spirit.
Psalm 126 – When the Lord restored the fortunes of Zion, we were like those who dream. Then our mouth was filled with laughter… The Lord has done great things for us… Restore our fortunes, O Lord, like the watercourses in the Negeb. May those who sow in tears reap with shouts of joy.
Luke 1:47-55 – The Magnificat. Mary’s song. My soul magnifies the Lord and my spirit rejoices in God my Savior…
1 Thessalonians 5:16-24 – Respect those who work among you in the Gospel. Be at peace with one another. Admonish the idol. Encourage the fainthearted. Help the weak. Do not repay evil for evil. Rejoice always. Pray without ceasing. Give thanks in all circumstances.
John 1:6-8, 19-28 – John: there was a man, sent from God. He was not the light, but he came to bear witness to the light. I am the voice in the wilderness: Prepare the way of the Lord.
Advent 4B – December 24, 2017, December 21, 2014
Auf einmal waren sie von unzähligen Engeln umgeben, die Gott lobten:
»Ehre sei Gott im Himmel! Denn er bringt der Welt Frieden
und wendet sich den Menschen in Liebe zu.«
CHRISTMAS EVE/DAY – December 24/25, 2017, December 24/25, 2014
Isaiah 9:2-7 – For unto us a child is born, a son is given, and the government shall be upon his shoulder
Psalm 96 – Sing to the Lord a new song… for he will judge the world with righteousness.
Titus 2:11-14 – For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation to all…
Luke 2:1-14, (15-20) – A decree from Caesar Augustus. The birth of Jesus. Shepherds watching their flock.
Isaiah 62:6-12 – Say to daughter Zion, behold your salvation comes.
Psalm 97 – The Lord is King; let the earth rejoice!
Titus 3:4-7 – When the goodness and loving kindness of God our Savior appeared, he saved us.
Luke 2:(1-7), 8-20 – The shepherds find Mary, Joseph and Jesus. Mary treasured their words in her heart.
Isaiah 52:7-10 – How beautiful the feet of the messenger who announces peace
Psalm 98 – sing to the Lord a new song… for he will judge the world with righteousness.
Hebrews 1:1-4, (5-12) – In many and various ways God spoke to our ancestors by the prophets, but now God has spoken to us by his Son.
John 1:1-14 – In the beginning was the Word, and the Word became flesh and dwelt among us.
CHRISTMAS 1B – December 31, 2017, December 28, 2014
Isaiah 61:10 – 62:3 – I will rejoice in the Lord. My whole being shall exult in my God… The nations shall see your vindication and the kings your glory.
Psalm 148 – Praise the Lord, heavens, heights, angels, moon, earth, sea monsters, deep, fruit trees, cedars…
Galatians 4:4-7 – When the fullness of time had come, God sent his Son, born of a woman, under the law, so we might receive adoption.
Luke 2:22-40 – Jesus’ presentation in the Temple. Simeon’s Song. A light to reveal you to the Gentiles. And the child grew in stature and wisdom.
EPIPHANY – Saturday, January 6 or Sunday, December 7, 2018, Tuesday, January 6, 2015 or Sunday, January 4, 2015
Isaiah 60:1-6– Arise! Shine! Your light has come… Nations shall come to your light, and kings to the brightness of your dawn… they shall bring gold and frankincense and bring the praise of the Lord.
Psalm 72:1-7, 10-14– Give the king your justice, and righteousness to a king’s son. May all kings fall down before him, and nations give him service.
Ephesians 3:1-12 – The mystery made known by revelation: That the Gentiles have now become fellow heirs.
Matthew 2:1-12 – The magi consult with Herod, then visit the child Jesus with his mother Mary. They offer gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh, returning to their country by another road.
TIME AFTER EPIPHANY B
THE BAPTISM OF OUR LORD – Saturday, January 13 or Sunday, January 13, 2018, January 11, 2015
Genesis 1:1-5 – In the beginning God created, by the Word and the Spirit hovered…
Psalm 29 – Ascribe to the Lord O heavenly beings… glory and strength. The voice of the Lord is over the waters.
Acts 19:1-7 – Paul encounters disciples in Ephesus who were baptized with John’s baptism. They are baptized again in the name of Jesus. Paul lays hands on them, and they receive the Holy Spirit.
Mark 1:4-11 – John appears in the wilderness, proclaiming a baptism of repentance, and pointing to Jesus. Jesus is baptized, and a voice comes from heaven: “You are my Son, the Beloved; with you I am well pleased.”
Epiphany 2B – January 14, 2018, January 18, 2015
1 Samuel 3:1-10, (11-20) – The Lord calls to Samuel, who thinks it is Eli. “Speak your servant is listening.”
Psalm 139:1-6, 13-18 – Lord you have searched me, and know me… Where can I go to flee from your presence? If I ascend to heaven, you are there; if I make my bed in Sheol, you are there. You knit me in my inner parts…
1 Corinthians 6:12-20 – All things are lawful for me, but not all things are beneficial. Your bodies are members of Christ… You were bought with a price, therefore glorify God with your body.
John 1:43-51 – Jesus finds Philip and says to him, “Follow me.” Philip goes and tells Nathaniel. “Can anything good come out of Nazareth?” “Come and see.”
January 18-25 is the Week of Prayer for Christian Unity
EPIPHANY 3B – January 21, 2018, January 25, 2015
Jonah 3:1-5, 10 – After the fish incident, God told Jonah again to go call Ninevah to repentance. He did. They believe him. The king called a fast and told the people to turn from evil and violent ways. God changed his mind about destroying Ninevah.
Psalm 62:5-12 – For God alone my soul waits in silence… Steadfast love belongs to the Lord, who repays all according to their work.
1 Corinthians 7:29-31 – The appointed time has grown short. Don’t get married, grieve, rejoice, shop or deal with the world. For the present form of this world is passing away.
Mark 1:14-20 – Jesus preaches in Galilee and calls disciples: The time is fulfilled; the kingdom of God is near. Repent and believe the Good news. Jesus calls Simon and Andrew to fish for people. Jesus calls James and John.
Some traditions recognize the Conversion of St. Paul on January 25.
EPIPHANY 4B – January 28, 2018, February 1, 2015
Deuteronomy 18:15-20 – The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own people; you shall heed such a prophet.
Psalm 111 – I will give thanks to the Lord with my whole heart. The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom.
1 Corinthians 8:1-13 – Concerning food sacrificed to idols: Knowledge puffs up, but love builds up. No idol really exists. So we are no worse off if we do not eat food sacrificed to idols, and no better off if we do. But take care that your liberty does not become a stumbling block to others.
Mark 1:21-28 – Jesus rebukes the unclean spirits, and they obey him on the Sabbath in the synagogue, and the people are amazed.
EPIPHANY 5B – February 4, 2018, February 8, 2015
Isaiah 40:21-31 – Those who wait upon the Lord will renew their strength.
Psalm 147:1-11, 20c – Adonai builds up Jerusalem, gathers the outcasts of Israel, heals the brokenhearted, and binds up their wounds.
1 Corinthians 9:16-23 – Woe to me if I do not preach the gospel. Though I am free with respect to all, I have made myself a slave to all.
Mark 1:29-39 – He went away to a deserted/lonely/desert place.
Augustine: Our souls are restless until they rest in thee.
THE TRANSFIGURATION OF OUR LORD – February 11, 2018, February 15, 2015
2 Kings 2:1-12 – Elisha asks Elijah for a double measure of his spirit. Elijah is taken up into heaven by a chariot of fire.
Psalm 50:1-6 – The mighty one, God the Lord, speaks and summons the earth from the rising of the sun to its setting. Out of Zion, the perfection of beauty, God shines forth.
2 Corinthians 4:3-6 – If our gospel is veiled, it is veiled only to those who are perishing.
Mark 9:2-9 – Jesus takes Peter, James and John up the mountain after six days.
EPIPHANY 6B – February 11, 2018, February 15, 2015
2 Kings 5:1-14 – Namaan healed.
Psalm 30 – For his anger is but for a moment; his favor is for a lifetime. Weeping may linger for the night, but joy comes with the morning.
1 Corinthians 9:24-27 – In a race all runners compete, but only one wins the prize. Run to win.
Mark 1:40-45 – Jesus has compassion on a leper and heals him, telling him not to tell anyone.
Ash Wednesday – February 14, 2018, February 18, 2015
e the bonds of injustice, share your bread with the hungry, invite the homeless poor into your house…
Psalm 51:1-17 – Create in me a clean heart O God…
2 Corinthians 5:20b – 6:10 – We are ambassadors for Christ. Behold, now is the acceptable time; see, now is the day of salvation!
Matthew 6:1-6, 16-21 – Beware of practicing your piety before others. Give secretly. Wash up when you fast.
LENT 1B – February 18, 2018, February 22, 2015
Genesis 9:8-17 – Noahic covenant (age 600). Never again will I flood the whole earth. The bow in the clouds is a sign of the promise.
Psalm 25:1-10 – Do not remember the sins of my youth or my transgressions.
1 Peter 3:18-22 – You are blessed if you suffer for what is right. Always be prepared to give account for the hope that is within you. Appeal to a good conscience. v. 19 is the “descended to the dead/hell” proof text. Baptism, like Noah, saves.
Mark 1:9-15 – Baptism of Jesus, Temptation, arrest of John. Then “The time is fulfilled, and the kingdom of God has come near; repent, and believe in the good news.”
LENT 2B – February 25, 2018, March 1, 2015
Genesis 17:1-7, 15-16 – Abraham’s covenant (age 99).
Psalm 22:23-31 – My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?
Romans 4:13-25 – Abraham wasn’t saved by the law. His trusting God’s promises is reckoned to him as righteousness.
Mark 8:31-38 – Peter’s confession and rebuke. Crucifixion prediction. Take up your cross and follow me.
LENT 3B – March 4, 2018, March 8, 2015
Exodus 20:1-17 – Moses’ covenant (age 80?). Ten Commandments. I brought you out of the land of Israel.
Psalm 19 – Let the words of my mouth and the meditation of my heart be acceptable to You…
1 Corinthians 1:18-25 – The gospel is foolishness to those perishing, but to us the power of God. Jews demand signs and Greeks seek wisdom, but we preach Christ crucified. God chose what was weak and despised in the world…
John 2:13-22 – Cleansing of the Temple. Early in John’s gospel. Then resurrection prediction. Destroy this temple and in three days I will rebuild it.
LENT 4B – March 11, 2018, March 15, 2015
Numbers 21:4-9 – Moses lifts up the serpent in the wilderness. Murmuring. Fiery serpents.
Psalm 107:1-3, 17-22 – They cried to the Lord in their trouble and he saved them from their distress…
Ephesians 2:1-10 – Dead in your trespasses, for by grace you have been saved by faith… for good works.
John 3:14-21 – Just as Moses “lifted up” the serpent in the wilderness, so must the Son of Man be lifted up, that whoever believes in him will have eternal life. Light has come into the world, but people preferred darkness. For God so loved the world…
LENT 5B – March 18, 2018, March 22, 2015
Jeremiah 31:31-34 – I will make a new covenant. I will write the law on their hearts. They will all know me. I will remember their sins no more.
Psalm 51:1-12 – Create in me a clean heart O God…
or Psalm 119:9-16 – Happy are those whose way is blameless…
Hebrews 5:5-10 – High priest according to the order of Melchizedek. He learned obedience through suffering.
John 12:20-33 – Gospel: Greeks. Sir we wish to see Jesus. Grain of wheat dies. Love life lose it. Save me from this hour? When I am lifted up, I will draw all people unto myself. The light is with you a little while longer. While you are in the light, believe in the light so that you may become children of the light.
Psalm 118:1-2, 19-29– Open the gates of righteousness that I may enter.
Mark 11:1-11 or John 12:12-16– The Triumphal Entry.
Isaiah 50:4-9a – I gave my back to those who hit me; my cheeks to those who pulled out the beard. I did not hide my face from insult and spitting.
Psalm 31:9-16 – Into your hands I commend my spirit…
Philippians 2:5-11 – Have this mind among that was in Christ, who emptied himself and became obedient to death on a cross.
Mark 14:1 – 15:47 or Mark 15:1-39, (40-47) – The Passion
THE THREE DAYS B
Maundy Thursday – March 29, 2018
Exodus 12:1-4, (5-10), 11-14 – God establishes Passover as a day of remembrance.
Psalm 116:1-2, 12-19 – What shall I return to the Lord for all his benefits to me? I will lift up the cup of salvation and call upon the name of the Lord. I will pay my vows…
1 Corinthians 11:23-26 – For I received from the Lord what I also handed on to you, that on the night in which he was betrayed our Lord took bread…
John 13:1-17, 31b-35 – Washing of the disciples’ feet.
Maundy Thursday Prayer
Good Friday – March 30, 2018
Isaiah 52:13 – 53:12– Song of the Suffering Servant
Psalm 22 – My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?
Hebrews 10:16-25– Christ’s once-for-all sacrifice for sins. New covenant (quoting Jeremiah). Access to the holy of holies.
or Hebrews 4:14-16; 5:7-9 – Because he suffered, we now approach the throne of grace
John 18:1 – 19:42 – The Passion.
Easter Vigil – March 31, 2018, April 4, 2015
Response: Psalm 136:1-9, 23-26 (1)
Genesis 7:1-5, 11-18, 8:6-18, 9:8-13
Response: Psalm 46 (7)
Third Reading-Testing of Abraham
Response: Psalm 16 (11)
Fourth Reading-Deliverance at the Red Sea
Exodus 14:10-31; 15:20-21
Response: Exodus 15:1b-13, 17-18 (1)
Fifth Reading-Salvation Freely Offered to All
Response: Isaiah 12:2-6 (3)
Sixth Reading-The Wisdom of God
Proverbs 8:1-8, 19-21; 9:4b-6 or Baruch 3:9-15, 32–4:4
Response: Psalm 19 (8)
Seventh Reading-A New Heart and a New Spirit
Response: Psalms 42 and 43 (42:2)
Eighth Reading-Valley of the Dry Bones
Response: Psalm 143 (11)
Ninth Reading-The Gathering of God’s People
Response: Psalm 98 (4)
Tenth Reading-The Deliverance of Jonah
Response: Jonah 2:2-3 [4-6] 7-9 (9)
Eleventh Reading-Clothed in the Garments of Salvation
Isaiah 61:1-4, 9-11
Response: Deuteronomy 32:1-4, 7, 36a, 43a (3-4)
Twelfth Reading-Deliverance from the Fiery Furnace
Response: Song of the Three 35-65 (35)
New Testament Reading
Prayer of the Day
Eternal giver of life and light, this holy night shines with the radiance of the risen Christ. Renew your church with the Spirit given us in baptism, that we may worship you in sincerity and truth and may shine as a light in the world, through your Son, Jesus Christ our Lord, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.
O God, you are the creator of the world, the liberator of your people, and the wisdom of the earth. By the resurrection of your Son free us from our fears, restore us in your image, and ignite us with your light, through Jesus Christ, our Savior and Lord, who lives and reigns with you and the Holy Spirit, one God, now and forever.
Alleluia. Let us sing to the Lord, who has | triumphed gloriously;
our strength and our might, who has become | our salvation. Alleluia. (Exod. 15:1-2)
Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ!
In his great mercy God has given us new birth into a living hope
through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead… – 1 Peter 1:3
The Resurrection of our Lord – April 1, 2018, April 4, 2015
Acts 10:34-43 – Peter’s sermon at Cornelius’ house: God shows no partiality. Anyone from any nation who fears God is accepted by God.
Isaiah 25:6-9 – On this mountain the Lord of hosts will make a feast for all people, swallow up death forever, wipe away the tears from all faces.
Psalm 118:1-2, 14-24 – I shall not die but live, and recount the deeds of the Lord.
I Corinthians 15:1-11– For I handed on to you what I received, Christ died for our sins, was buried and raised on the third day.
Acts 10:34-43 – Peter’s sermon at Cornelius’ house: God shows no partiality. Anyone from any nation who fears God is accepted by God.
John 20:1-18 – Resurrection appearance. Mary: “I have seen the Lord.”
Mark 16:1-8 – Empty tomb. Mark’s original ending: “So they went out and fled from the tomb, for terror and amazement had seized them; and they said nothing to anyone, for they were afraid.”
Easter 2B – April 8, 2018, April 12, 2015
Acts 4:32-35– Now those who believed were of one heart and soul, and they held all possessions in common.
Psalm 133– How good and pleasant it is when kindred live together in unity.
Easter 3B – April 15, 2018, April 19, 2015
Easter 4B (Good Shepherd Sunday) – April 22, 2018, April 26, 2015
Acts 4:5-12 – Peter questioned for healing. There is no other name by which we must be saved.
Psalm 23 – The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want
1 John 3:16-24 – All know Jn. 3:16. 1 Jn 3:16 important too: By this we know love, that he laid down his life for us. So we ought to lay down our lives for one another… Little children let us not love in word or speech, but in truth and action.
John 10:11-18 – The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep. The hired hand runs away. I know my sheep. I have other sheep not of this fold.
Easter 5B – April 29, 2018, May 3, 2015
Acts 8:26-40 – Philip baptizes the Ethiopian eunuch on the road to Gaza reading the suffering servant from Isaiah.
Psalm 22:25-31 – All the ends of the earth shall remember and turn to the LORD. (Ps. 22:26)
1 John 4:7-21– Beloved let us love one another for love is of God… whoever does not love does not know God, for God is love.
John 15:1-8 – I am the vine; you the branches, that you might bear fruit. By this my Father is glorified: that you bear fruit.
Easter 6B – May 6, 2018, May 10, 2015
Acts 10:44-48 – Holy Spirit falls on unbaptized Gentiles. So they baptize them.
Psalm 98 – Shout with joy to the LORD, all you lands. (Ps. 98:5)
1 John 5:1-6 – The love of God is obeying God’s commandments.
John 15:9-17 – This is my commandment: love one another as I have loved you. I have said these things that my joy may be in you and that your joy may be complete. You did not choose me; I chose you, and appointed you to bear fruit.
Ascension B – May 13, 2018, May 17, 2015
Acts 1:1-11 – Ascension. You will be my witnesses in Jerusalem, Judea, Samaria and the ends of the earth.
Psalm 47 – God has gone up with a shout. (Ps. 47:5)
Psalm 93– Ever since the world began, your throne has been established. (Ps. 93:3)
Ephesians 1:15-23– With the eyes of your heart enlightened, may you know the hope to which God has called you.
Luke 24:44-53 – I am sending what the Father promised, so stay in the city until you are clothed with power from on high.
Pentecost B – May 20, 2018, May 24, 2015
Acts 2:1-21– Day of Pentecost. Rushing wind. Tongues of flame. Multi-lingual, multicultural event. Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved.
Ezekiel 37:1-14– Valley of the Dry Bones. I will put my spirit in you and you shall live. You shall know I am the Lord when I open your graves…
Psalm 104:24-34, 35bSend forth your Spirit and renew the face of the earth. (Ps. 104:31)
Romans 8:22-27– Likewise the Spirit helps us in our weakness… intercedes with sighs too deep for words.
Acts 2:1-21 – Day of Pentecost. Rushing wind. Tongues of flame. Multi-lingual, multicultural event. Everyone who calls on the name of the Lord shall be saved.
John 15:26-27; 16:4b-15– When the Advocate comes, he will bear witness to me… lead you into all truth.
Video: Here’s an interesting Pentecost video from Working Preacher
TIME AFTER PENTECOST B
Trinity – May 27, 2018, May 31, 2015
When the Father laughs at the Son and the Son laughs back at the Father, that laughter gives pleasure, that pleasures gives joy, that joy gives love, and the love is the Holy Spirit.
Isaiah 6:1-8– Call of Isaiah. Six-winged seraph. Holy, holy, holy.
Psalm 29 – Worship the LORD in the beauty of holiness. (Ps. 29:2)
Romans 8:12-17– Life in the Spirit. Present suffering incomparable to the glory to be revealed. Creation eagerly waits… in labor?
John 3:1-17 – Nicodemus. Being born of the Spirit, which blows where it wills.
Pentecost 2B – June 3, 2018, June 7, 2015
1 Samuel 8:4-11, (12-15), 16-20, (11:14-15) – The people ask for a king to succeed Samuel, despite his warnings.
Genesis 3:8- Because Adam and Eve have eaten of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, the serpent is cursed, the woman must have pain in childbirth, the ground is cursed with thistles and whatnot, and Adam is sentenced to a lifetime of hard labor by farming, until he returns to the dust.
Psalm 138 – I will give thanks to you O Lord with my whole heart.
Psalm 130 – Out of the depths I cry to you. Lord, hear my voice.
2 Corinthians 4:13-5:1 – So we do not lose heart. Though our outer nature is wasting away, our inner nature is being renewed daily.
Mark 3:20-35 – The crowd was so large, they couldn’t eat. His family came out to restrain him, for the people said he was out of his mind. Can Satan cast out Satan? A house divided cannot stand. All sins forgiven except blasphemy against the Holy Spirit. Those who do God’s will are my brother, sister and mother.
Pentecost 3B – June 10, 2018, June 14, 2015
1 Samuel 15:34-16:13– Samuel anoints David and the Spirit falls mightily upon him.
Ezekiel 17:22-24– I will dry up the green tree and make the dry tree flourish. The high tree will be brought low, and the low high.
Psalm 20– Some take pride in horses and chariots, but our pride is in the name of the Lord God.
Psalm 92:1-4, 12-15– The righteous shall spread abroad like a cedar of Lebanon. (Ps. 92:11)
2 Corinthians 5:6-10, (11-13), 14-17– We walk by faith and not by sight, at home in the body and away from the Lord.
Mark 4:26-34– The kingdom of God is like a mustard seed, which so small, yet grows and provides branches for the birds to make nests.
Pentecost 4B – June 17, 2018, June 21, 2015
1 Samuel 17:(1a, 4-11, 19-23), 32-49 – David and Goliath: The Lord who saved me from the lion and the bear will deliver me from this Philistibeatne.
or I Samuel 17:57 – 18:5, 10-16 – Jonathan loved David. Saul tries to kill David.
or Job 38:1-11– The Lord answers Job out of the whirlwind: Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth?
Psalm 9:9-20 – The Lord judges the nations.
or Psalm 133– How good and pleasant it is when kindred live together in unity.
or Psalm 107:1-3, 23-32 – God stilled the storm and quieted the waves of the sea. (Ps. 107:29)
2 Corinthians 6:1-13– Now is the acceptable time; now is the day of salvation. We have endured beatings, riots, hunger, imprisonment…
Mark 4:35-41– Jesus asleep in the boat, wakes and calms the sea: Peace. Be still.
Pentecost 5B – June 24, 2018, June 28, 2015
2 Samuel 1:1, 17-27– David mourns for Saul, the glory of Israel, and for Jonathan: Your love to me surpassed the love of women.
Wisdom of Solomon 1:13-15; 2:23-24 – God did not make death. God does not delight in death. Death came into the world through the devil.
Psalm 130– I will exalt you, O LORD, because you have lifted me up. (Ps. 30:1)
Psalm 30– God’s anger is for a moment; his favor for a lifetime. Weeping may tarry for the night but joy comes in the morning.
Lamentations 3:23-33– The steadfast love of the lord never ceases. His mercies never come to an end. They are new every morning.
2 Corinthians 8:7-15– During a severe ordeal of affliction, the Macedonians joyand poverty overflow in a wealth of generosity.
Mark 5:21-43 – Inclusio: Jairus’ daughter and the woman with the 12-year hemorrhage.
Pentecost 6B – July 1, 2018, July 5, 2015
2 Samuel 5:1-5, 9-10– The elders make a covenant with David and anoint him.
Ezekiel 2:1-5 – Call of Ezekiel: Whether they hear or not, they shall know a prophet has been among them.
Psalm 48– The city of Zion is established forever.
Psalm 123– Our eyes look to you, O God, until you show us your mercy. (Ps. 123:3)
2 Corinthians 12:2-10– Paul’s out of body experience, and his thorn in the flesh. My grace is sufficient for you, for my power is made perfect in weakness.
Mark 6:1-13– A prophet is not without honor except in his own country. Jesus sends the twelve two-by-two.
Pentecost 7B – July 8, 2018, July 12, 2015
2 Samuel 6:1-5, 12b-19– David dances before the ark in a linen ephod.
or Amos 7:7-15– Amos’ vision: God sets a plumb line amidst the people of Israel
Psalm 24– The earth is the Lord’s, and the fullness thereof.
or Psalm 85:8-13 – I will listen to what the LORD God is saying. (Ps. 85:8)
Ephesians 1:3-14– The sentence that never ends: Blessed be God who chose us before the foundation of the world, destined us for adoption, as a plan for the fullness of time to gather all things in him…
Mark 6:14-29– Herod, Herodias and John the Baptist’s head on a platter.
Pentecost 8B – July 15, 2018, July 19, 2015
2 Samuel 7:1-14a– David wants to build God’s house, but God will establish David’s house, his offspring.
Jeremiah 23:1-6– Woe to the shepherds who destroy and scatter the sheep of my pasture! The days are coming when I will raise up from David a righteous branch.
Psalm 89:20-37– I anointed my servant David, and my hand will always be with him.
Psalm 23– The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not be in want. (Ps. 23:1)
Ephesians 2:11-22 – You uncircumcized were once strangers to the covenant, without hope, without God. You who were far off have been brought near. He has abolished the law with its commands and ordinances, that he might create one humanity out of two. No longer strangers.
Mark 6:30-34, 53-56– Jesus to his disciples: “Come away to a deserted place and rest for a while.”
Hymns: No Longer Strangers (David Haas, from Gather)
Pentecost 9B – July 22, 2018, July 26, 2015
2 Samuel 11:1-15 – David and Bathsheba
or 2 Kings 4:42-44 – Elisha feeds the people with 20 loaves of barley and fresh ears of grain
Psalm 14– There is no one who does good, no not one
or Psalm 145:10-18 – You open wide your hand and satisfy the needs of every living creature. (Ps. 145:17)
Ephesians 3:14-21 – I pray that you may have the power to comprehend, with all the saints, what is the breadth and length and height and depth, and to know the love of Christ that surpasses knowledge, so that you may be filled with all the fullness of God.
John 6:1-21 – Feeding of the 5,000. Jesus walks on water.
Pentecost 10B – July 29, 2018, August 2, 2015
2 Samuel 11:26 – 12:13a – The prophet Nathan comes to David to declare God’s judgment on him for killing Uriah: “You are the man.”
or Exodus 16:2-4, 9-15 – Manna from heaven.
Psalm 51:1-12 – Create in me a clean heart O God…
or Psalm 78:23-29 – The LORD rained down manna upon them to eat. (Ps. 78:24)
Ephesians 4:1-16 – Lead a life worthy of the calling to which you have been called. Apostles, prophets, evangelists, pastors and teachers are to equip the saints for ministry until we all arrive at unity of faith and spiritual maturity.
John 6:24-35 – I am the bread of life, whoever comes to me will never be hungry.
Pentecost 11B – August 5, 2018, August 9, 2015
2 Samuel 18:5-9, 15, 31-33 – The king was deeply moved, and went up to the chamber over the gate, and wept; and as he went, he said, “O my son Absalom, my son, my son Absalom! Would I had died instead of you, O Absalom, my son, my son!”
or 1 Kings 19:4-8 – Angels feed Elijah in the wilderness.
Psalm 130 – Out of the depths I cry to you.
or Psalm 34:1-8 – Taste and see that the LORD is good. (Ps. 34:8)
Ephesians 4:25 – 5:2– Be angry but do not sin; do not let the sun go down on your anger… Let no evil talk come out of your mouths, but only what is useful for building up… And do not grieve the Holy Spirit of God… be kind to one another, tender-hearted, forgiving one another, as God in Christ has forgiven you.
John 6:35, 41-51 – I am the bread of life, the living bread which comes down from heaven. No one comes unless the Father draws, and I will raise you up on the last day.
Pentecost 12B – August 12, 2018, August 16, 2015
1 Kings 2:10-12; 3:3-14 – David dies. God offers Solomon anything. Solomon asks for wisdom.
or Proverbs 9:1-6– Wisdom has built her house.
Psalm 111– The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom.
or Psalm 34:9-14– Taste and see that the Lord is good.
Ephesians 5:15-20 – Be careful then how you live, not as unwise people but as wise, making the most of the time, because the days are evil. Do not get drunk with wine, for that is debauchery; but be filled with the Spirit,
John 6:51-58 – Those who eat my flesh and drink my blood abide in me and I in them. The one who eats this bread will live forever.
Pentecost 13B – August 19, 2018, August 23, 2015
1 Kings 8:(1, 6, 10-11), 22-30, 41-43 – Solomon’s temple.
or Joshua 24:1-2a, 14-18 – Choose this day whom you shall serve… as for me and my house, we will serve the Lord.
Psalm 84 – How lovely is your dwelling place, O Lord of hosts.
or Psalm 34:15-22 – The eyes of the LORD are upon the righteous. (Ps. 34:15)
Ephesians 6:10-20 – Put on the full armor of God.
John 6:56-69 – Eat my flesh for eternal life. This is a difficult teaching; who can accept it? Does this bother you? Do you also wish to go away? Lord, to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal life…
Pentecost 14B – August 26, 2018, August 30, 2015
Song of Solomon 2:8-13 – My beloved speaks and says to me: “Arise, my love, my fair one, and come away; for now the winter is past, the rain is over and gone.
or Deuteronomy 4:1-2, 6-9 – Observe my statutes/ordinances as you enter the land. Teach it to your children.
Psalm 45:1-2, 6-9 – Your throne, O God, endures forever and ever.
or Psalm 15 – Do not lend money at interest. LORD, who may dwell in your tabernacle? (Ps. 15:1)
James 1:17-27 – Be quick to listen, slow to speak. Giving. Slow to anger. Be doers of the word, not just hearers. Pure religion: Care for orphans and widows.
Mark 7:1-8, 14-15, 21-23 – Jesus: It is not what goes in, but what comes out that defiles. Jesus eats with unwashed hands.
Pentecost 15B – September 2, 2018, September 6, 2015
Proverbs 22:1-2, 8-9, 22-23 – Those who are generous are blessed, for they share their bread with the poor.
Isaiah 35:4-7 – Say to those of a fearful heart, “Be strong, do not be afraid.” He will come and save you.
Psalm 125 – Do good, O Lord, to those who are good.
Psalm 146 – I will praise the LORD as long as I live. (Ps. 146:1)
James 2:1-10, (11-13), 14-17 – Don’t show favoritism to the rich. Faith without works is dead.
Mark 7:24-37 – Syrophoenecian woman’s daughter.
Pentecost 16B – September 9, 2018, September 13, 2015
Proverbs 1:20-33 – Wisdom cries out in the street.
Isaiah 50:4-9– The Lord has given me the tongue of a teacher.
Psalm 19 – The heavens are telling the glory of God.
Wisdom of Solomon 7:26-8:1 – Wisdom is a reflection of eternal light. She is more beautiful than the sun.
Psalm 116:1-9 – I will walk in the presence of the LORD. (Ps. 116:8)
James 3:1-12 – Not many of you should become teachers. Tame the tongue.
Mark 8:27-38 – Who do people say I am? Messiah. Get behind me Satan. If you would follow me take up your cross.
Pentecost 17B – September 16, 2018, September 20, 2015
Proverbs 31:10-31 – A capable wife who can find? She is more precious than jewels.
Wisdom of Solomon 1:16 – 2:1, 12-22 – 20Let us condemn him to a shameful death, for, according to what he says, he will be protected.’
Jeremiah 11:18-20 — But I was like a gentle lamb led to the slaughter. And I did not know it was against me that they devised schemes, saying, “Let us destroy the tree with its fruit, let us cut him off from the land of the living, so that his name will no longer be remembered!”
Psalm 1 – How blessed is the one who walks not in the counsel of the wicked… he will be like a tree planted by streams of water.
Psalm 54 – God is my helper; it is the LORD who sustains my life. (Ps. 54:4)
James 3:13 – 4:3, 7-8a – Why do conflicts arise among you?
Mark 9:30-37 – Who is the greatest? Be a servant.
Pentecost 18B – September 23, 2018, September 27, 2015
Esther 7:1-6, 9-10, 9:20-22 – Haman is hung on the gallows prepared for Mordecai.
Numbers 11:4-6, 10-16, 24-29 – Murmuring motif. Manna whining.
Psalm 124 – Had the Lord not been on our side, when our enemies attacked us, we would have been swallowed up.
Psalm 19:7-14 – The law is perfect, pure, better than gold. The commandment of the LORD gives light to the eyes. (Ps. 19:8)
James 5:13-20 – Healing text. Are any of you sick? Elders should pray and lay hands on you.
Mark 9:38-50 – Whoever is not against us is for us.
St. Michael and All Angels – September 29
Daniel 10:10-14; 12:1-3 – Michael, one of the chief princes, helps Daniel. Michael arises and many who sleep in the dust of the earth awake.
Psalm 103:1-5, 20-22 – Bless the Lord, you his angels, you mighty ones who do his bidding.
Revelation 12:7-12 – Michael and his angels fight against the dragon as war breaks out in heaven.
Luke 10:17-20 – The seventy return. Jesus says, “I saw Satan fall from heaven like lightning.”
Job 1:1; 2:1-10 – God to Satan: Have you considered my servant Job? God allow Satan to inflict Job with sores.
or Genesis 2:18-24 – Man names the animals. God forms woman from the rib of man to be his helper. For this reason a man…
Psalm 26 – Prove me O Lord and try me; test my heart and mind.
or Psalm 8 – You adorn us with glory and honor. (Ps. 8:6)
Hebrews 1:1-4; 2:5-12 – In many and various ways God spoke to the people of old by the prophets, but in these last days…
Mark 10:2-16– Legal to divorce? Little children come to Jesus. Accept the Kingdom of God as a child…
Pentecost 20B – October 7, 2018, October 11, 2015
Job 23:1-9, 16-17 – Job’s lament: If only I could vanish in darkness and thick darkness would cover my face.
or Amos 5:6-7, 10-15 – Seek good and not evil, that you may live; so the Lord will be with you, as you have said he is.
Psalm 22:1-15 – My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?
or Psalm 90:12-17 – So teach us to number our days that we may apply our hearts to wisdom. (Ps. 90:12)
Hebrews 4:12-16 – The Word of God is living and active, sharper than any two-edged sword. All are naked a laid bare before him.
Mark 10:17-31– Rich young ruler. Eye of the needle. For God all things are possible.
Pentecost 21B – October 14, 2018, October 18, 2015
Job 38:1-7, (34-41) – Then the Lord answered Job out of the whirlwind: Gird your loins and I will question you.
or Isaiah 53:4-12 – Surely he has borne our griefs and carried our sorrows, yet we esteemed him stricken by God and afflicted.
Psalm 104:1-9, 24, 35c – You stretch out the heavens like a tent.
or Psalm 91:9-16– You have made the LORD your refuge, and the Most High your habitation. (Ps. 91:9)
Hebrews 5:1-10 – More great high priest stuff
Mark 10:35-45– Make us to sit at your right and left in the kingdom of heaven.
St. Luke – October 18, 2018
Isaiah 35:5-8 – Then shall the eyes of the blind be opened, and the ears of the deaf unstopped…
Psalm 124 – If it had not been the Lord on our side, the flood would have swept us away.
2 Timothy 4:5-11 – Luke is the only one who stays with Paul in his distress.
Luke 1:1-4; 24:44-53 – Luke’s reason for writing for Theophilus. Jesus’ resurrection address to the disciples.
Pentecost 22B – October 21, 2018
REFORMATION SUNDAY – October 28, 2018, October 25, 2015
Jeremiah 31:31-34The days are coming when I will make a new covenant with Israel and Judah: law on their hearts.
Psalm 46 – The LORD of hosts is with us; the God of Jacob is our stronghold. (Ps. 46:4)
Romans 3:19-28 – No one will be justified by the law. Now, apart from the law, the righteousness of God has been revealed.
John 8:31-36 – You shall know the truth and the truth will set you free.
ALL SAINTS – November 4, 2018, November 1, 2015
Wisdom of Solomon 3:1-9– The souls of the righteous are in the hand of God
or Isaiah 25:6-9 – On this mountain God will swallow up death. No more tears.
Psalm 24– The earth is the Lord’s and all that is in it. They shall receive a blessing from the God of their salvation. (Ps. 24:5)
Revelation 21:1-6a – Holy city coming down. No more tears.
John 11:32-44– The raising of Lazarus
Pentecost 23B – November 4, 2018 (If not observing All Saints), November 8, 2009
Pentecost 24B – November 11, 2018 November 8, 2015
Ruth 3:1-5; 4:13-17– Ruth and Boaz give birth to Obed.
or 1 Kings 17:8-16 — Widow of Zarephath
Psalm 127 – Unless the Lord builds the house, they labor in vain. Sons are a blessing.
or Psalm 146– The Lord watches over strangers, and upholds orphans and widows.
Hebrews 9:24-28 – Christ did not enter into a sanctuary made with hands, but into heaven itself.
Mark 12:38-44 – Beware of the Scribes who devour widow’s houses. The widow’s two copper coins.
Pentecost 25B – November 18, 2018 November 15, 2015
1 Samuel 1:4-20 – Barren Hannah goes to Eli the priest, then returns and conceives Samuel with her husband Elkanah.
or Daniel 12:1-3 – Michael, the great protector of the people is coming. Everyone whose name is written in the book shall be delivered.
1 Samuel 2:1-10 – Hannah’s song, source material for the Magnificat.
or Psalm 16– My heart is glad and my spirit rejoices; my body shall rest in hope. (Ps. 16:9)
Hebrews 10:11-14 (15-18), 19-25– We have confidence to enter God’s sanctuary through the blood of Jesus.
Mark 13:1-8 – The end is coming. Not one stone will be left upon another.
Joel 2:21-27– Don’t fear O SOIL. Your threshing floors will be full. Your vats will be full with wine and oil.
Psalm 126 – The LORD has done great things for us, and we are glad indeed. (Ps. 126:4)
1 Timothy 2:1-7 – Pray for public leaders.
Matthew 6:25-33– Don’t worry about your life… God will provide.
2 Samuel 23:1-7 – David’s last words: He has made with me an everlasting covenant.
or Daniel 7:9-10, 13-14– Daniel’s apocalypse: the son of man comes in the clouds to the Ancient One and is given dominion and glory and kingship.
Psalm 132:1-12, (13-18) – O Lord, remember David’s hardships and his faithfulness.
or Psalm 93 – Ever since the world began, your throne has been established. (Ps. 93:3)
Revelation 1:4b-8– He is coming on the clouds, and every eye will see him. I am the Alpha and the Omega, says the Lord.
John 18:33-37 – Jesus: My kingdom is not of this world. I testify to the truth. Pilate: What is truth?