Racism is power plus prejudice. It takes many forms. There is conscious bigotry, that sees people of color as lesser beings and seeks to exclude, and there is unconscious bias, that wishes well for others, but nevertheless continues to participate in and even support institutional structures that offer privileges to some over others.

Here are some resources on racism to consider. Many thanks to Rozella White and Ele Clay for their assistance.


  • I’m Still Here: Black Identity in a World Made for Whiteness, by Austin Channing Brown
  • Disunity in Christ: Uncovering the Hidden Forces that Keep Us Apart, by Christena Cleveland
  • The Cross and the Lynching Tree, by James Cone
  • White Awake: An Honest Look at What It Mean to be White, by Daniel Hill
  • The Power of Proximity, by Michelle Warren


ELCA Social Statement: Freed in Christ: Race, Ethnicity, and Culture

Freed in Christ: Race, Ethnicity, and Culture expresses the ELCA’s calling to celebrate culture and ethnicity.  This calling commits the ELCA to confront racism, to engage in public leadership, witness and deliberation on these matters, and to advocate for justice and fairness for all people. This statement was adopted by the 1993 ELCA Churchwide Assembly. This page will take you to a page where you can download the statement and order paper copies. It also has links to a study guide, an introduction and a summary.

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Other Resources